The new town of Binalood as one of the new city of Mashhad Moghaddas in Khorasan Razavi province has been attracting the population of the second largest populated metropolis of the country and also organizing a major part of industrial activity of the province with about 3300 hectares, including 1100 hectares of residential and The 2200-hectare industrial section and the population’s demographic
horizons, located southwest of Mashhad, are located at the Mashhad-Mashhad axis on the historical Silk Road along the southern slope of the Binalud Mountain Range.
The philosophy and necessity of the emergence of new cities:
The increase in population and internal migration, migration of villagers to cities and economic polices has influenced not only their socio-cultural economic structure, but also the physical structure of towns and villages, and has made it unreasonable and has led to the expansion of the physical and informal dimensions of the urban population in the country’s major cities, one of The consequences of this phenomenon are the increase in the price of land and land in urban areas, which in practice has made housing for low-income and low-income families with income impossible, and made the lives of citizens of newly populated urban segments fresh. The effects of residential and community congestion, environmental problems such as air pollution and noise pollution, the destruction of agricultural lands, gardens and green spaces around cities, the excessive waste of time citizens in daily traffic between the workplace Wisconsin can be cited as one of these dilemmas.
Considering the above-mentioned factors, policymakers and urban planners, the fact that the bodies of the cities are able to provide housing and other economic, social, cultural, educational, sports facilities in all respects, such as modernizing and rebuilding old and worn out textiles. And other needs of citizens can not be. The idea of constructing new towns with pre-planned planning with the two main goals of reducing the population burden and macroeconomic activities of the country’s cities as the optimal solution to the problems of metropolitan areas by the Ministry of Housing and Waste Management in the late The 60th Sentinel was approved by the Government.
Accordingly, in 1989, based on the Statute approved by the Ministerial Council, the construction company of new cities was established in order to advance the goals and tasks of the construction of new cities. Thus, in 18 different cities of the country, the cities were created. One of the goals of these cities is to refinement the mother city through proper distribution of population and population, preventing the creation of informal settlements in the suburbs of metropolises, reducing urban traffic volumes Great by creating employment and resettlement of population in new cities, preventing degradation of agricultural land, gardens, green spaces in cities and the use of non-agricultural land for the construction of new cities, reducing the cost of residential units due to the low land prices of new cities compared with Metropolises as well as the creation of a new housing model By reducing the level of residential infrastructure and the construction of residential complexes and promoting mass production in these cities.